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Sensory Development in Young Children: Unlocking their Potential

As a parent or guardian, you always do everything in your power to ensure the healthy development and growth of your young one. You take care of their nutritional needs, ensure they get enough sleep, and provide them with a safe and nurturing environment. However, did you know that sensory development is a crucial aspect of your child's overall growth and has a significant impact on their physical, cognitive, and emotional well-being? In this article, we'll discuss the benefits of sensory development in young children, why it's important, and how you can support it.

What is Sensory Development?

In simple terms, sensory development is the process by which a child learns to use their five senses: sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing. The brain takes information gathered through the sensory receptors in the body and processes it. The development of these senses is crucial for a child's learning and understanding of the world around them. It helps them to form a basis for future learning, language development, social interactions, and motor development.

Benefits of Sensory Development in Young Children

1. Cognitive Development

The cognitive abilities of a child are significantly influenced by the development of their sensory abilities. By stimulating the senses, the brain becomes more active, and connections between neurons are formed. This helps to increase their memory, thinking, problem-solving skills, and attention span. Sensory learning engages more parts of the brain, which leads to better cognitive development overall.


2. Emotional Development

Sensory development helps in the emotional development of your child. As babies explore and play, their senses of touch, sight, and sound, help them to learn cause and effect and predict outcomes. For instance, by touching a soft bunny or seeing a ball roll away, babies can infer different causations. Over time, this helps to develop their emotional resilience, self-confidence, and awareness of their surroundings.


3. Motor Development

Development of the five senses is also critical to your child's fine and gross motor skills. As babies play and explore their surroundings, they learn to use their hands and fingers to grasp objects, and their legs to balance and walk. The sensory stimuli from their environment, such as a textured surface or bumpy playground terrain, helps to massage the foot and improve balance. As they grow, these experiences, and motor skills gradually become more complex, leading to a more intelligent and coordinated body that can undertake a life filled with work and play.


4. Social Development

Sensory development also influences social interactions. As babies and young children encounter different stimuli in the world around them, they develop preferences, likes, and dislikes, and learn to communicate positively with others. For instance, they learn to respond to facial expressions, understand different tones of voice, and interpret other people's emotions. As such, children who have developed their senses have an easier time adjusting to different social settings and relating to others.

Ways To Support Sensory Development in Your Child

As we watch our children grow and develop, it’s important to reflect on how we can nurture their physical, cognitive, emotional, and social wellbeing. One area of development that is crucial for children is their sensory development. In this article, we will delve deeper into the benefits of sensory development in young children, and how parents and caregivers can support this development in their children.

Sensory development refers to the process through which a child learns to perceive and interpret information from their environment through their senses, including touch, smell, taste, sight, and sound. Sensory experiences are essential building blocks for children’s cognitive, emotional, and social development, and provide a foundation for future learning. Here are some of the benefits of sensory development in young children:


1. Cognitive development

Sensory experiences provide a wealth of opportunities for children to learn and develop new cognitive skills. For example, a child who is engaged in a sensory activity, such as playing with sand or water, is developing their fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination, and spatial awareness. These skills are essential for future learning, particularly in the areas of math, science, and engineering. Sensory experiences also encourage children to engage in problem-solving and critical thinking, as they learn to explore new environments and materials.


2. Emotional development

Sensory experiences are not only important for children’s cognitive development, but also for their emotional wellbeing. Research has shown that sensory play can reduce stress and anxiety, and promote feelings of happiness and relaxation in children. When children engage in sensory activities such as massage or touch, they learn to regulate their emotions, and develop a sense of trust and connection with their caregiver.


3. Social development

Sensory experiences also provide opportunities for children to learn social skills such as turn-taking, sharing, and communication. When children engage in sensory play with their peers, they learn the value of cooperation and collaboration. Sensory activities can also help children to develop empathy, as they learn to understand and respond to the emotions and needs of others.


4. Language development

Sensory experiences can also support children’s language development, as they learn to label and describe the sensory input they are receiving. For example, a child playing with Play-Doh might describe the texture as “squishy,” or “soft,” or “smooth.” These early language skills lay the foundation for future literacy and communication skills.

How can parents and caregivers support their children’s sensory development?


Here are some tips:


1. Create a sensory-rich environment

Provide a variety of sensory experiences for your child, such as playing with different textures and materials, listening to music, and exploring different scents and tastes. Sensory experiences can be simple and easy to provide, such as playing with a bowl of rice or beans, or a tub of water.


2. Encourage unstructured play

Provide time and space for your child to explore and engage in sensory play without any specific direction or requirements. This allows children to develop their own interests and preferences, and encourages creativity and imagination.


3. Participate in sensory play with your child

Engage in sensory play with your child and model language skills, social skills, and emotional regulation. This also provides an opportunity for you to bond with your child and create positive experiences together.


4. Incorporate sensory activities into daily routines

Incorporate sensory activities into daily routines, such as during bath time or mealtime. This not only provides opportunities for sensory play, but also makes these often-challenging activities more enjoyable and less stressful for both child and caregiver.


5. Seek out sensory-friendly activities

Consider seeking out sensory-friendly activities in your community, such as music classes or art classes. These activities are designed to provide sensory experiences in a safe and supportive environment.

In conclusion, sensory development is a vital aspect of young children’s holistic development. Sensory experiences provide opportunities for children to learn and develop new skills, regulate their emotions, learn social skills, and develop language skills. As parents and caregivers, we can support our children’s sensory development by creating a sensory-rich environment, encouraging unstructured play, participating in sensory play with our child, incorporating sensory activities into daily routines, and seeking out sensory-friendly activities in the community. Let’s embrace the unique and exciting world of sensory play and unlock our children’s full potential. 



- Bagnato, S.J., Liptak, G.S., Sells, W.O., Johnson, J., & West-Sooby, C. (1996). Fine motor development and stereotypic behavior in preschoolers. The Journal of Special Education, 30(4), 452-471.

- Dunn, W. (1999). Sensory Profile®. San Antonio, TX: Pearson.

- Goldstein, H. (2002). Helping children learn: Intervention handouts for use in school and at home.

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